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The Lobbies at the Top 2011

Who spent what to win laws, dollars, real estate and more from New York's city and state officials

6,099 lobbyists

$219,714,788 in spending

3,535 clients

The New York State Joint Commission on Public Ethics documents spending on lobbying statewide, as reported by the entities seeking influence and the lobbyists they hire.

In 2011, companies, advocacy groups and unions spent $220 million on lobbying in the state, a record high. One in four of those dollars targeted city officials.

Our look at the biggest-spending lobbying clients last year and the most active lobbying firms shows what they sought to win — and who actually came out ahead.

Click on lobbyists, left, to see profiles of the biggest firms. On the right, see what top clients of 2011 bought with their millions.